Russian Black Terrier
treasure, that Russia gave the world...




Breed standard FCI no 327/10.01.2011/GB
(Russian Black Terrier, Russkiy Tchiorny Terrier)

UTILIZATION: Working dog, guarding dog, sporting - and companion dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattle Dogs.
Section 1.4 Pinscher and Schnauzer.
Working trial optional.




The Russian Black Terrier was created in Russia during the late 1940s and the early 1950s by selective interbreeding of breeds like the Rottweiler, Giant Schnauzer, Airedale Terrier and Newfoundland Dog. The Giant Schnauzer is considered to be the main ancestor of the breed. The initial breeding was supervised by the military cynological school outside Moscow and the dogs were based in their kennels named “Red Star”.


They used a program developed by Soviet breeder-specialists and created a new breed especially suited for their special duties. The goal was a massive, robust, high-spirited all-round dog, always willing to work and able to withstand the enormous, climatic differences in the country.



The character and temperament of the Black Russian Terrier is of utmost importance. The Black Russian Terrier is a calm, confident, courageous and self-assured dog. He is highly intelligent and adapts well to training. The Black Russian Terrier was initially bred to guard and protect. He is alert and responsive, instinctively protective, determined, fearless, deeply loyal to family, is aloof and therefore does not relish intrusion by strangers into his personal space.


One which can accept without reservation is that Russian Terrier is a personality with a capital "P" - A highly intelligent thinker who learns because he wants to please and because the work is interesting. Black Russian Terrier ancestors inherited remarkable intelligence. BRTs learns quickly, easily associate, even seemingly detached from each other facts and events. The great advantage of this breed is a high threshold and rapid return to balance. The BRTs can live in big house with fenced yard and of course in small block apartments to.


An active breed, the Black Russian Terrier requires at least one thirty minute walk a day and plus two shorter walks (about 15-20 minutes). The some of representatives of the breed are quite active, but one longer daily walk (about one hour) should meet their needs. The Black Russian Terrier has a strong desire to be with people and therefore should never be left in a kennel or fenced in a backyard alone. When left on its own for long periods of time, the Black Russian Terrier may become defensive and protective of its perceived territory, guarding it fiercely even from its owner. They are quiet and not very sorption at home. BRTs gives their owners great love which translates into tremendous confidence. BRT is a loyal dog. The boundless loyalty and devotion are the main characteristics of the breed. You can feel safe with him.


Today, the Black Russian Terrier is a breed known throughout the world - in Poland - more dogs of this breed is bred for dog shows, than for of the utility traits.


I think that BRT is not a dog for beginners. The future owner of BRT should be strong person, with firm and stable character. BRT is not suitable for the elderly and mentally weak people.


Physique: The Russian Black Terrier is a large dog with a long coat. The breed has qualities like massive bone and powerful muscles. The Russian Black Terrier inspires respect only by his appearance. „The peace force of shaggy giant” - this definition perfectly characterizes the breed.

Coat: Hair are rough and thick double coat. Composed of a coarse, thick, slightly waved outer coat and a soft, short and dense undercoat. The outer coat covers the whole body. The natural and untrimmed coat length is between 5 – 15 cms. The head furnishing is very well developed and forms abundant eyebrows, moustaches and beard. Legs are covered in long, dens furnishing coat. Regular bathing, brushing, and trimming is required.  Black Russian Terriers are a non-shedding breed but should be brushed regularly (minimum one per week) to remove dead hair, prevent knots and matting. If you keep him brushed, your Blackie should need a bath always if he's serious dirty and regularly one time per four week. Regular pet type grooming minimum 2-3 times a year is important to. Professional grooming with accordance of FCI standard style grooming is needed for dog show purposes. The clipped coat should emphasise the character of a strong and assured dog and by no means be excessively decorative. The coat is left longest on legs and around the muzzle. Special attention should be paid for long  beard. You should know that the dog can be a messy drinker due to its beard and can leave little water puddles around the home.




Black Russian Terriers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. Not all Blackies will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed.

If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. In Blackies, you should expect to see health clearances for hip dysplasia (HD), elbow dysplasia (ED), hyperuricosuria (HU) and juvenile laryngeal paralysis and polyneuropathy (JLPP). You also need to take care of Blackies ears, because in this breed inflammation my happen when ears will not be correctly neglected.


Puppies are cute and extremely energetic. You must have the time to dedicate to raising the puppy, provide consistent training, mental and social stimulation. This is the best way to ensure your puppy will grow into a stable and calm adult who will be your best friend. Puppies grow very fast: two weeks old puppy can weight about 2 kg, eight weeks puppy can weight about 7 to 10 kg, and four months puppy can weight about 20 and more kg. They don't need as much hard exercise as adults, and, in fact, you shouldn't let them run on hard surfaces such as concrete or let them do a lot of jumping until they're at least a year to eighteen months old.




Feeding play really important role in this breed. Black Russian Terriers have very sensitive digestive system and rapid change in their diet can cause diarrhea. Puppies should be feeding 3 times per day very high quality of dog food. The young dogs - 6 months old and all older dogs should be feeding 2 times per day. NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level.


Black, black with insignificant intermingling gray hair is permissible. (Grey intermingling hair not to cover more than a 1/3 of the whole body).


Males: 72-76 cms, but no less than 70 cms and not more than 78 cms.
Females: 68-72 cms, but no less than 66 cms and not more than 74 cms.


Males: 50-60 kgs.
Females:45-50 kgs.


Finally I would like to write more about the pros and cons of this beautiful breed:



The Black Russian Terrier is an ideal family pet. It is a loyal companion that is eager to please, protective of its family and home, reliable, consistent, even-tempered, behaves well with other animals and children, and does not require much exercise to maintain its physical and mental well-being. The Black Russian Terrier is an adaptable breed; it adjusts well to its surroundings making it able to live happily in a large house, or an apartment. A well trained and properly adjusted Black Russian Terrier is a joy to own.



As with many breeds, the Black Russian Terrier will have its faults:

- the breed requires regular care (brushing, bathing, trimming);

- the breed is costly to maintain.


Finally, I wish to add that this breed a lot of changed in my life. It is the dog of my dreams, my "GEM" - a dog that I would not change for any other breed. I hope that it will never be the end.